A Flat-Weave or Dhurrie is an Indian term for a hand-woven rug or a thin flat carpet.
They are woven by interlocking yarn as wefts into the warps of cotton or woolen threads. First, the vertical warp is tightly fixed to the loom and then the yarn (gen. wool) is inserted horizontally as wefts in a zig-zag manner, forming a loop through these warps. After a single line of weft is complete, the laid yarn is suppressed with a comb like heavy metallic tool to settle it, and then this process continues until the rug is complete. The process is somewhat similar to weaving of Hand-Knotted carpet, but the result is quite different as there are major differences in the weaving technique. Although Hand-Knotted carpets are considered to be the best, but the weaving of a fashionable Dhurrie (Kilim) requires more skill than that of a Hand-Knotted.
Average Pile –
0.22 inch (5.58 mm). Is considered to be a low pile, therefore the name flat-weave.
Average Weight –
Average weave’s time –
1.25 square feet per day (by one weaver)
7 to 12 years or more.
Indoor and Outdoor. Outdoor only if the material used is water friendly like polyester.
How to identify –
Dhurries are light weighted, has a very thin in pile and has a rough surface. Most of the Dhurries are same on the opposite side (back side) as well. They may or may not have fringes on their vertical ends.
Good about it –
Has a medium price range. Cost of maintenance is less and does not require regular cleaning unless traffic is high. Does not easily get infected by silverfish or other carpet infecting pests. Generally, is reversible and can be used from either side (both sides) and can be used year around. Have vibrant colors and unique designs; such as multi colored stripes, geometrical and popular patterns. Is durable and has a long life. Is a good insulator - Keeps your room warm and saves you from cold floor, and lowers the temp. of the room in warm climate.
Not good about it –
Does not have a thick pile and has a rough surface. It slides a lot on frictionless floors, so a rug pad is recommended. Heavy furniture(s) can be placed on it to keep it sticking to the floor.
Flat-weaves are popular with the people with modern taste and who love decorating their interiors. They are much loved in Europe, USA, China and colder climates. In India, it’s one of the most sold items in Handicraft exhibitions, trade fairs or Haats. They are light-weighted and portable; can be folded and moved. Wool is the most common material in which Dhurries are made. Apart from wool, it is also made from cotton, jute, silk and polyester.
Dhurrie is actually an Indian term for a flat-weave with plain geometrical figures, with one or two colors. Kilim is the term for a flat-weave which has more designs and colors and has a Persian origin. Kilims are native to Mirzapur city (where our industry is based), most of the Kilims which are exported throughout India are manufactured here.